What is Joint Pain?
Pain or soreness in the cartilage, ligaments, muscles, or tendons surrounding the joints are called joint pain (arthralgia). The prevalence of joint pain increases with increasing age, but young people can also complain joint pain due to various reasons.
What Are the Reasons of Joint Pain?
Joint pain usually occurs due to cartilage weakness or a decrease in joint liquid by aging. Moreover, various bone diseases, joint inflammation, cancer, obesity, trauma and injuries, hypo thyroiditis, fibromyalgia, diseases such as lyme and lupus may also cause joint damage and pain.
Pain in the shoulder joint is the most frequent one. Pain may be related with also the hip and knee joints.
What Are Symptoms of Joint Pain
Typical symptoms of joint pain are:
- Oedema and swelling in the affected joints,
- Redness in the skin surrounding the joint,
- Limitation of action due to joint pain,
- Problem in walking due to joint pain.
What Are The Causes of Pain in the Shoulder and Arm?
- Frozen Shoulder Syndrome: Usually related with trauma. Patients have trouble in raising their arms or reaching out their back by their hands. There is severe pain when the shoulder is moved.
- Golfer elbow: Pain or hypersensitivity inside the elbow is usually due to overusing the elbow and arm muscles.
- Tennis player elbow: Pain or hypersensitivity outside the elbow can be due to oedema in forearm tendons or lacerations.
Diagnosis of Joint Pain
Obtaining patient history and detailed physical examination are the first steps of diagnosis. Moreover, MR, radiography, CT and EMG can be helpful. T
How is the Joint Pain Treated?
Treatment may differ according to the diagnosis.
- Appropriate physical exercise
- Physical therapy
- Collagen supplements
- Intrajoint steroid injections
- Intrajoint hyaluronic acid injections
- Ozone therapy
- Platelet rich plasma (PRP)
- Stem cell injections prepared by adipose tissue Y
- Radiofrequency applications into the joint